The impact of COVID-19 on commercial transportation and trade activity

Article Published by Geotab
Author: The Geotab Data Analytics Team write about news related to data.
https://www.geotab.com/blog/impact-of-covid-19/

Learn how COVID-19 is impacting commercial transportation and trade activity in North America.

With the current COVID-19 pandemic, now more than ever, it is important to leverage fleet intelligence solutions. Geotab has identified changes to commercial transportation and trade activity since the onset of COVID-19, based on an analysis of anonymized and aggregated insights from its base of over 2 million commercial vehicles worldwide.

Geotab will be updating this blog post weekly as we believe this data can and should be combined with other datasets to support government response, fleets and the general public. You can also access the border activity data for free at ignition.geotab.com, with more datasets being updated in the near future.

Overview

The insights are split into two categories to better illustrate the impact on the commercial transportation sector in North America.

  1. Commercial transportation activity includes regional volume of trips and fuel activity, split by various operations.
  2. Trade activity includes metrics that help show how trade has been affected, from border wait times to port activity.

Impact on volume of commercial transportation activity in the U.S. and Canada

From Monday, March 16 to Friday, March 27, there has been a significant drop in commercial transportation activity in both the U.S. and Canada when baselined against data from February 1 to March 15. On average, Canada is operating at 75% of normal commercial transportation activity, with the Maritimes operating at 65% (the lowest percentage compared to normal.)

In the U.S., the impact is more significant, operating at an average of 76% of normal commercial transportation activity and the U.S. Federal Region, which includes the State of New York and New Jersey, most impacted at 59% of normal activity.

The heat map below shows a region-by-region breakdown of commercial transportation volumes based on a percentage drop from a normal weekday or weekend, baselined against metrics from February 1 to March 15, 2020.

Covid-19-commercial-transport-1

Figure 1. Commercial vehicle activity volume as a percentage of normal operations by macro region in Canada and the U.S.

Looking at the North American trend, commercial transportation activity is quite similar to what we’re seeing above. However, there is a noteworthy difference in the decline of commercial vehicle activity between Heavy-Duty trucks at 84% of the normal activity and cars at 65% of the normal activity, baselined against data from February 1 to March 15, 2020. The chart displays Heavy-Duty trucks (HDT), Medium-Duty trucks (MDT), Light-Duty trucks (LDT), and Multi-purpose vehicles such as vans (MPV).
 

Activity-by-vehicle-type


Figure 2. Longitudinal view of commercial traffic volume in North America, measured by number of trips relative to normal activity, broken down by class of vehicle.

Impact on transportation activity to industrial, commercial, and retail locations

Using building locations and tags from OpenStreetMap, Geotab analyzed how the reduction in commercial traffic impacted each industry: industrial, commercial, retail and warehouses (grocery stores and supermarkets were considered separately.)

The dataset suggests that all retail, industrial and commercial locations have been impacted by the drop in commercial transportation activity. However, it is somewhat encouraging to note that commercial transportation activity to grocery stores has dropped the least, with 90% of normal activity. It is important to note that this activity comprises both delivery of goods but other services as well.
 

Activity-by-building-type

Figure 3. Grocery stores, retail, commercial, industrial and warehouse activity in the U.S., Canada and Mexico.

Impact on fuel use in commercial transportation

With a drop in commercial transportation activity, a notable decline in fuel consumption would also be expected. However, this trend is not evident across all types of commercial vehicles. The trucking economy has been quite steady, which equates to the consistent (if not increased) demand for the transportation and logistics sector. As schools are closed and social distancing measures are being taken, a drop in bus activity is also consistent with what we’re seeing in the data below.

The chart below shows normal fuel fill-up activity in the U.S. since February 29 and illustrates by class of vehicle how that has changed during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Fuelling

Figure 4. Weight class fueling percent of normal volume.

The impact of COVID-19 on trade activity

It is important to understand how trade is being impacted by this pandemic. Is commercial activity to and from ports and airports remaining consistent? What does border crossing activity look like? The insights presented below analyze the impact COVID-19 is having on commercial trade traffic through the examination of borders and ports in Canada and the U.S.

Border trip and wait times have dropped

At the major U.S.-Canada border crossings in Ontario: Detroit-Windsor, Fort Erie, Queenston and Sarnia, the data suggests a drop in cross-border activity to 70% of normal commercial transportation volumes, baselined against normal operations from February 1 to March 15, 2020. For further insights on how COVID-19 is impacting cross-border activity, read more here.

normal-crossing-volume-trucks

Figure 5. Average crossing duration and percent of normal crossing volume for trucks across all U.S.-Canada border crossings.

Airport activity

​An analysis was performed that examined the commercial transportation activity volume to and from select Canadian and U.S. airports baselined against volumes from February 1 to March 15, 2020. In the four Canadian airports analyzed, there was an average decrease in volume of 27% from March 16 to March 27, with Toronto’s Pearson International Airport experiencing the largest drop to 55% of normal operations. In the U.S., we are seeing sharper declines. Of the 8 airports analyzed, commercial transportation activity to and from the airports had an average decrease in volume of 43% with Las Vegas McCarran seeing the biggest drop to under 26% of normal commercial transportation activity.

The charts below illustrate the decrease in volumes to and from Canadian and U.S. airports from March 16 to March 27 baselined against volumes from February 1 to March 15.

Canada-airports

Figure 6.1. Canadian airports: Percent of normal trip volume to and from the airport.

US-airports

Figure 6.2. U.S. airports: Percent of normal trip volume to and from the airport.

Port activity

The ports of Montreal, Seattle, Tacoma and Vancouver have shown strong volumes with higher levels of variability over the last few weeks when baselined against volumes from February 1 to March 15, 2020. The overall traffic at ports on March 27th was 96% of the baseline.

Port-volumes-7

Figure 7. Port activity in Montreal, Seattle, Tacoma and Vancouver.

Conclusion

Overall, the Geotab analysis shows a decline in commercial transportation activity in North America from COVID-19. Although this is a general trend, for the Heavy-Duty trucking industry, we are observing that volumes seem to be less impacted and more consistent to pre-pandemic baseline volumes, especially when observing fuel fill-ups.

Commercial trade appears to be most impacted by the drop in volume of activity across the U.S.-Canada border and the drop in volume of activity to and from select Canadian and U.S. airports. Interestingly, activity to and from select sea ports has not changed significantly from normal pre-pandemic baseline volumes, with the exception of the Port of Seattle.

Stay updated

If you have any questions or concerns, please contact your Geotab Account Manager, Business Partner or Authorized Geotab Reseller. For media inquiries, contact pr@geotab.com. You can also follow us on Facebook and Twitter (@GEOTAB) for on-going updates.